Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87--90

A study of prevalence and determinants of irritable bowel syndrome in an urban slum community in Mumbai


Shashikant Narayan Nagaonkar1, Vijaykumar Sukhdev Singh2, Digambar Tulshiram Kangule3, Snehashree Sadhanala2 
1 Department of Community Medicine, American International Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, LTMMC and GH, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Health Services, State Family Welfare Bureau, Government of Maharashtra, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vijaykumar Sukhdev Singh
Department of Community Medicine (PSM), LTMMC and GH, Sion, Mumbai - 400 022, Maharashtra
India

Context: Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Indian community according to studies varies from 10% to 20%. Only 20% seek medical care which is just a tip of an iceberg. Early detection is needed as it affects the quality of life markedly. Magnitude is not known in slums of Mumbai due to scarcity of studies. Aims: The aim of the study was to study epidemiological factors related to IBS in an urban slum population. Settings and Design: This study design was a cross-sectional and conducted in urban slum. Subjects and Methods: The study was conducted among the slum population by systematic random sampling with a predesigned, pretested, semi-structured questionnaire as a study tool. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis used Excel and SPSS software packages. Results: The prevalence of IBS was 12.27%, of which 56% were males and 44% were females. Majority were aged between 25 and 44 years (66%) and married (64%). Most common symptoms were relief of pain after bowel movement (68%), change in frequency of stools (65%) with 51.52% showing diarrhea-predominant subtype, and only 15.15% had visited a gastroenterologist. Psychiatric disorders, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic pain each at P < 0.01 and decreased quality of life (P < 0.01) had shown a significant association with IBS. Conclusions: Psychiatric disorders, sexual function, work absenteeism, pelvic pain, and gastroesophageal reflux diseases were significantly associated with IBS, while sex, marital status, religion, and socioeconomic status were not.


How to cite this article:
Nagaonkar SN, Singh VS, Kangule DT, Sadhanala S. A study of prevalence and determinants of irritable bowel syndrome in an urban slum community in Mumbai.J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2018;13:87-90


How to cite this URL:
Nagaonkar SN, Singh VS, Kangule DT, Sadhanala S. A study of prevalence and determinants of irritable bowel syndrome in an urban slum community in Mumbai. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 21 ];13:87-90
Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/article.asp?issn=0974-3901;year=2018;volume=13;issue=2;spage=87;epage=90;aulast=Nagaonkar;type=0