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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 871-876

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and depression status among pregnant women in rural population in Kancheepuram District

Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M Sandhya
No 20, Prooja Park, Jothi Nagar, Melnallathur, Thiruvallur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_186_21

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Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a condition that lasts for a short period of time during pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed in the second trimester of gestational period and present in almost 12% of pregnant women. Aim: The main aim of the study is to find the prevalence of GDM and depression status among pregnant women in rural population in Kancheepuram district. Methodology: Total of 150 pregnant women belongs to rural area were selected for the study to find out the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus. Pregnant women between 24 and 28 weeks of fetal age were included in the study, and pregnant women below 24 weeks and above 28 weeks of the fetal age and women who refused to participate in the study were excluded. Detailed procedure was explained, and written consent was obtained from the subjects. The Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group India criteria were used for the diagnosis of GDM, and Edinburgh postnatal depression assessment tool was used to measure the depression level among the pregnant women with GDM. Results: About 40% of the women were diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus, in which out of 40%, 32% of the women with gestational diabetes were also suffered from depression during pregnancy. Conclusion: This study concluded that there is a high incidence of diabetes during pregnancy among women in rural population in Kancheepuram district. Age, gravida status, parity, and obesity are the main risk factors that are strongly related to gestational diabetes.

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