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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 786-791

Dentinal hypersensitivity: A clinical dilemma

Department of Periodontics, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nina Shenoy
Department of Periodontics, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_339_21

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The increase in lifespan and decrease in the prevalence of edentulism have increased the overall risk of tooth wear. This in turn has caused dentinal hypersensitivity (DHS) to be one of the most frequently encountered oral health problems. DHS, commonly referred to as the “common cold” of dentistry, is associated with pain due to exposure of dentine following loss of the enamel. The discomfort caused due to DHS is highly subjective and can lead to deterioration of their quality of life. The most crucial but often neglected phase of the management of DHS is the elimination of its etiology. Identifying the etiology enables the clinician to include prevention in the treatment plan. There is a wide range of treatment modalities ranging from those that can be self-administered by the patient at home or those that can be applied by clinicians in a dental clinic. However, one of the main limitations is that there is no universally accepted, gold-standard treatment for DHS, which gives a long-term pain relief. Different agents have been suggested with varying degrees of efficacy when studied scientifically. An electronic literature search was conducted through PubMed, and dental associations of different countries' website and full-text articles in the English language were selected. This article concisely reviews the prevalence and distribution, etiological factors, and the management of DHS.

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