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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 603-607

Dental anomalies prevalence in cleft lip and palate patients: An observational study


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S R Ashwinirani
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_317_21

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Background: Dental anomalies are a common finding in patients with cleft lip (CL) and cleft lip with palate (CLP). CL and CLP are congenital disorder that occurs in newborns and will have a physical defect throughout life if not treated. The variety of dental anomalies reported are peg laterals, tooth agenesis, taurodontism, hypoplasia, and ectopic eruptions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of various dental anomalies in CL and CLP patients. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 80 patients of CL and CLP. Patients were selected by convenience sampling technique, from the department of oral medicine and radiology. Oral examination and dental panoramic radiographs were assessed. The diagnosis was arrived as per the findings of the clinical and radiographic evaluation. The findings of the study were reported as frequency and percentage. Results: Out of the 80 patients, the majority were males accounting for 55% and 45% were females. All the patients were diagnosed with one or the other dental anomaly. Tooth agenesis was the most commonly observed anomaly accounting for 70%. Patients with bilateral CL with palate (BCLP) had a higher percentage of tooth agenesis (96.5%) compared to patients with unilateral CL with palate (72.9%) (UCLP). Conclusion: One or more dental anomalies were observed in CL and CLP patients. Tooth agenesis, taurodontism, hypoplasia, and ectopic eruptions were the most prevalent anomalies. BCLP patients had more dental anomalies than UCLP patients.


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