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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 568-574

Effectiveness of three different types of oral health promotion programs among schoolchildren in Sakaka, Saudi Arabia: A cluster randomized controlled trial


Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sakaka Vundavalli
Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakakah, Aljouf
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_247_20

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Background: Untreated component of dental caries in Saudi Arabia is alarming even though the accessibility of dental services is at free of cost to all Saudi nationals. Aim/Objective: The aim of the present study is to assess the efficiency among three different types of school-based oral health promotion programs in Sakaka children. Materials and Methods: A cluster randomized controlled trail included 765 schoolchildren. Three different models of school-based oral health promotion programs were tested in this study. Outcome measures were evaluated after 12-month follow-up, which include difference in prevalence and mean number of untreated dental caries, annual dental service utilization rates, and difference in mean oral health-promoting behavior between baseline and at the end of the program. Results: Seven hundred and two children were available for outcome measurement. There is reduction in both prevalence and mean number of untreated dental caries in all the three groups but significant reduction observed in Model-3 group of children. Similarly, improvement in dental visit patterns was also observed more in Model-3 group compared with other two groups. Conclusion: Health education including teachers with 6-monthly reinforcement, screening, and referral to specific treatment facility with follow-up reminders was found to be an effective model.


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