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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 530-535

Knowledge, attitude, and practices among front-line health-care workers in a COVID hospital: An online questionnaire-based cross-sectional study


1 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priya Tomar
Department of Pediatrics, 4th Floor, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Knowledge Park 3, Greater Noida - 201 310, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_284_20

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Background and Objectives: COVID-19 pandemic has currently attacked the health-care system of the whole world. Prevention and collaboration are the key to its management. Our study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) among front-line health-care workers (HCWs) of a COVID dedicated hospital regarding the infection. Materials and Methods: An online questionnaire based study was conducted. Participants were doctors and nursing staff working in a medical college. KAPs were assessed using a 26-item questionnaire with questions pertaining to knowledge (n = 13), attitude (n = 6), and practice (n = 7). Individual scores were generated and stratified as good (>10)/moderate (7–10)/poor knowledge (<7), positive (≥4)/negative (<4), attitude and good (≥4)/poor (<4) practice scores. Percentages of correct and incorrect responses were calculated for each question. Predictors of good overall scores were identified. Results: Response rate was 75%. Participants were interns (n = 45, 28.7%), junior residents (n = 7, 4.5%), postgraduate students (n = 58, 36.9%), clinicians (n = 9, 5.7%), and nursing staff (n = 38, 24%). Mean age was 26.13 ± 3.27 years. 8 (5%), 98 (62%), and 51 (32.5%) participants acquired good, moderate, and poor scores, respectively. Seventy-seven (49%) participants had positive attitude scores. Majority (n = 149, 94.9%) participants had good practice scores. Older age of HCWs was found significantly associated with better knowledge (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.29–11.22, P = 0.015). Similarly, HCWs who had personal experience of work in COVID area had more positive attitude than those who did not (aOR = 2.58, 95% CI = 1.23–5.42, P = 0.013). Good practices were evenly distributed among all subgroups. Interpretation and Conclusions: Repeated training sessions for correct dissemination of knowledge are essential in the fight against this novel pandemic. Collective efforts should be made regarding management.


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