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 Table of Contents  
EDITORIAL
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 527-529

A study of patterns of substance used in final year MBBS students part 1 and part 2


Interns, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS Deemed to be University, Sawangi, Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Date of Submission24-Jan-2019
Date of Decision18-Dec-2021
Date of Acceptance08-Mar-2022
Date of Web Publication2-Nov-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nainika Shah
Interns, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS Deemed to be University, Sawangi, Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_23_19

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How to cite this article:
Shah N, Bajaj S, Yadav A, Jain M. A study of patterns of substance used in final year MBBS students part 1 and part 2. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2022;17:527-9

How to cite this URL:
Shah N, Bajaj S, Yadav A, Jain M. A study of patterns of substance used in final year MBBS students part 1 and part 2. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Jan 28];17:527-9. Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/text.asp?2022/17/3/527/360195




  Background Top


Substance-related disorders have become matters of global concern because of its negative impact on individuals' health, financial, social, and professional life. The most common substances are cigarettes, alcohol, and psychedelics. This study aims to find out the pattern of substance used in MBBS students.

Aim and objectives

  • To find out the pattern of substance use in final-year Part 1 and Part 2 MBBS students
  • To compare the substance use in final-year part 1 and part 2 MBBS students.



  Methodology Top


  • Study duration – 2 months
  • Study type– Descriptive, cross-sectional
  • Sample size – Final MBBS Part 1 and Part 2 students
  • Inclusion criteria – All students who are present
  • Exclusion criteria – Final MBBS Part 1 and Part 2 students who are suffering from any diagnosed mental illness.


Materials used

  1. Informed consent form with confidentiality clause included
  2. Semi-structured case record form
  3. Statistical evaluation done by descriptive statistics.


Data analysis was done using MS Excel.

The major reasons that came in front for substance use are peer pressure, flamboyancy, and homesickness. The minor reasons stated are financial stress, anxiety of curriculum, failures, and boredom.


  Discussion Top


The most common substance abuse is found to be alcohol and smoking due to easy availability and little problem in acquiring them. The students admitted that they started substance abuse due to peer pressure, examination stress, flamboyancy, boredom, and home sickness. Our study was able to explain the pattern of substance abuse and was able to point out that there is no single reason for that. It requires a larger and complex study to know the pattern of substance abuse in medical students [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4].
Table 1: Age-wise distribution of students

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Table 2: Distribution of students according to substance use

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Table 3: Distribution of students according to duration of substance use

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Table 4: Distribution of students according to factors responsible for substance use

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  Conclusion Top


On the basis of findings of our study, we can conclude the following:

  1. Substance use is higher in final-year Part 1 and final-year Part 2 students
  2. Most frequently substance used is alcohol and cigarette smoking (easily available)
  3. Some of the important reasons playing role are examination stress, boredom, peer pressure, and flamboyancy; others include financial stress, personal problems, anxiety, and fatigue
  4. Substance used is in higher frequency and for longer duration.


Summary

Purpose of the study is to find and compare the patterns of substance use in final-year MBBS Part 1 and Part 2 students. It is a cross-sectional descriptive study in which subjects were asked to fill a questionnaire. Sample size is 56 final-year Part 1 and 74 final-year Part 2 students. Prevalence of substance used in final-year Part 1 MBBS students was 75% and in final-year Part 2 MBBS students was 60.81%. Majority of students started using substance during the MBBS. Most significant reasons were flamboyancy and homesickness. Prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment were recommended. Program to train medical students needed to mitigate substance use problem in medical students.





 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4]



 

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Methodology
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Conclusion
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