|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 215-216
Adult penoscrotal edema as manifestation of chronic renal failure: Ultrasonographic evaluation
Shivesh Pandey, Suresh Vasant Phatak, Rishabh Surendra Gupta, Pratik Jayprakash Bhansali, Vaishali Dhawan
Department of Radiology, JNMC Medical College, DMIMS, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||30-Jun-2021|
|Date of Decision||09-Nov-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||17-Jan-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||25-Jul-2022|
Dr. Suresh Vasant Phatak
Department of Radiology, JNMC Medical College, DMIMS, Wardha, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Pandey S, Phatak SV, Gupta RS, Bhansali PJ, Dhawan V. Adult penoscrotal edema as manifestation of chronic renal failure: Ultrasonographic evaluation. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2022;17:215-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Pandey S, Phatak SV, Gupta RS, Bhansali PJ, Dhawan V. Adult penoscrotal edema as manifestation of chronic renal failure: Ultrasonographic evaluation. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 18];17:215-6. Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/text.asp?2022/17/1/215/352222
Adult penoscrotal edema is rare in chronic renal failure. We present sonographic imaging findings in a case of chronic renal failure.
A 46-year-old diabetic male patient of chronic renal failure presented to the radiology department for scrotal sonography with a history of acute-onset painless swelling of the scrotum and penis. There is no history of any lower urinary symptoms or previous trauma to his genitalia. Physical examination showed a diffuse swelling in the penis shaft and scrotum [Figure 1]. There was no urethral discharge, and the perineal/anal examinations were unremarkable. No rashes or skin lesions were noticed on physical examination. The vital signs were within normal limits. The laboratory findings revealed deranged renal function test and hypoalbuminemia. Albumin is seen in urine microscopy.
Ultrasonography (USG) was performed, which showed characteristic findings including marked thickening of the scrotal wall, with a heterogeneous striated appearance [Figure 2]. USG penis also showed gross edema around the penile tissue. The testes and epididymis demonstrated normal appearance both in grayscale and color Doppler. There was no hydrocele.
|Figure 2: Ultrasonography of scrotum showing marked thickening of the scrotal wall (21.7 mm) with a characteristic heterogeneous striated appearance indicating scrotal edema. No fluid is seen around the testis|
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Edema is described as an abnormal collection of fluid in the body's interstitial space. Various disorders (renal, cardiac, hepatic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, vascular, and lymphatic system diseases) may be underlying causes. The scrotal wall is made up of, from superficial to the deep layers: skin, superficial fascia, dartos muscle, external spermatic fascia, cremasteric fascia, and internal spermatic fascia. The normal scrotal wall thickness is approximately 2–8 mm, depending on the cremasteric muscle contraction.
Scrotal edema is defined as edema of the skin and dartos fascia that does not affect the deeper layers, testes, or epididymis. It might be either unilateral or bilateral. In 50% of cases, erythema of the perineum and inguinal area is present. USG is required to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other possible reasons for acute scrotum. Marked thickening of the scrotal wall with a heterogeneous striated appearance is a typical finding.,
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]