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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 203-208

Psychological distress and its associated risk factors among health-care professionals of India during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis


1 People's College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Chirayu Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Data Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
5 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Rishiraj College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
6 Department of General Medicine, People's College of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhiraj Bhambhani
Plot Number 221, One Tree Hill Colony, Near Arogya Kendra, Bairagarh, Bhopal - 462 030, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_269_22

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Introduction: Millions of lives have been impacted by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection worldwide. The world's health-care system is overburdened and, in some places, in disarray, which has an effect on medical workers' physical and psychological well-being. The psychological impact has more negative effects on people's general well-being. The goal of this review was to ascertain how the COVID-19 pandemic affected these populations' levels of stress, despair, and anxiety. Until March 2022, PubMed, Google Scholar, and journal online databases were searched for articles focusing on stress, anxiety, and depression in Indian health-care professionals. “Psychological distress,” “COVID-19,” and “Health professionals” were utilized as search phrases. The quantitative study was performed using R Software version 4.1.2. Using Cochran's Q test, the studies' heterogeneity (I2) was evaluated. We found 12 studies in the search results. Stress prevalence as a whole was 0.2721 (95% confidence interval [CI] - 0.1336–0.4754). Depression had a combined prevalence of 0.3941 (95% CI - 0.2698–0.5338). Anxiety's pooled prevalence was 0.4158 (95% CI - 0.2790–0.5670). Young age and longer work hours were considered the main risk factors for psychological distress. The COVID-19 had a significant impact on India's medical sector. The critical goal is to recognize psychological issues at an early stage and to use the right technique and intervention to deal with them.


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