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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 303-307

Morphological variations of the liver and its applied significance: A cadaveric study

Department of Anatomy, Katuri Medical College and Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Nandha Kumar
Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_101_19

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Background: Morphological features of the liver serve as important landmarks for radiologists and surgeons in the diagnosis and interpretations of liver diseases. Accessory fissures and accessory lobes often mislead the clinicians in the diagnosis of liver pathologies. Aim: This study is aimed to determine the morphological variations of the liver and implicate its clinical significance. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in the department of anatomy, with 50 formalin-fixed livers obtained from the cadavers of both sexes. Morphological surface features were observed, photographed, and studied. Results: About 22 (44%) livers showed variations such as accessory fissures (24%) present in the right, left, caudate, and quadrate lobe. Diaphragmatic fissures or grooves were seen in 10 (20%). Pons hepatis was seen in 3 (6%) livers. Riedels lobe was seen in 4 (8%), and the absence of quadrate lobe was seen in 1 (2%) specimen. Conclusion: The knowledge of abnormality in surface features of the liver is clinically significant and will help the radiologists and surgeons in the interpretation of normal and abnormal liver.

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