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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 94-96

Effectiveness of education program on knowledge about organ donation


1 Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Nursing, Shri Jagdishprasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan; Department of Community Health Nursing, Symbiosis College of Nursing, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Symbiosis College of Nursing, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, Maharashtra, India

Date of Submission08-Aug-2019
Date of Decision06-Feb-2020
Date of Acceptance31-Mar-2020
Date of Web Publication29-Jul-2021

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Mangesh Vilinikaran Jabade
Windsor County, Flat No. D-202 S. No, 39/24, Ambegaon Rd, Near Relicon Garden Groove, Sai Colony, Ambegaon BK, Pune - 411 046, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_121_19

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  Abstract 


Background: Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of their own to be removed and transplanted to another person, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or dead. To understand organ donation, it is first important to understand organ transplantation. A transplant is a medical procedure where one person's dysfunctional organ or tissue is replaced by that of a healthy person, thus restoring its function. The organ donation and transplantation system strive to honor the gift of donated organs by fully using those organs to save or improve the quality of the lives of transplant recipients. Objectives: The objectives are as follows: (1) to assess the knowledge regarding organ donation among nursing students studying at selected nursing colleges in Pune City and (2) to evaluate the effectiveness of education program on knowledge regarding organ donation, among nursing students studying at selected nursing colleges in Pune. Methodology: The design of the study is quantitative-one group pre-test and posttest design. The data of this study were collected by a self-structured questionnaire using the purposive sampling method. The questionnaire had two sections, namely to gather information regarding demographic variables and knowledge on organ donation. Results: Assessed the knowledge and perception regarding organ donation and result were found as follows: the pretest knowledge score of the students includes 16% had good, 70% had average, and 14% had poor score. The posttest knowledge score of the students includes 57% had good knowledge, 40% had average, and 3% had poor knowledge score. Conclusion: This study revealed that education program is effective to increase the knowledge on organ donation among nursing students.

Keywords: Education program, knowledge, nursing students, organ donation


How to cite this article:
Jabade MV, Upendra S. Effectiveness of education program on knowledge about organ donation. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2021;16:94-6

How to cite this URL:
Jabade MV, Upendra S. Effectiveness of education program on knowledge about organ donation. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 16];16:94-6. Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/text.asp?2021/16/1/94/322591




  Introduction Top


Thoughts of lives are lost in India annually from heart and liver failure since transplantation of unpaired organs such as the heart, liver, and pancreas is either difficult or impossible from living donors, and this is only possible on a large scale if these organs are available from cadaver donors.[1]

While death takes you away, your organs can stay and save another life. The need for organ donation is never greater. More than half a million Indians are estimated to be in need of an organ transplant.

  • 500,000 people die because of nonavailability of organs
  • 200,000 people die of liver disease
  • 50,000 people die from heart disease
  • 150,000 people await a kidney transplant but only 5000 get one
  • 1,000,000 people suffer from corneal blindness and await transplant.


However, less than thousand transplants from deceased donors are performed each year an incredibly small and insignificant number compared to the statistics worldwide. Some of these people will find a living donor who will donate an organ to them. The rest will probably die waiting for an organ.

To understand organ donation, it is first important to understand organ transplantation.[1]

The organ donation and transplantation system strive to honor the gift of donated organs by fully using those organs to save or improve the quality of the lives of transplant recipients. As a result of advances achieved through basic and clinical research over the past several decades, organ transplantation has become the optimal treatment for many end-stage organ-specific diseases.[2]

The advances in medical science have made transplantation of vital human organ possible millions of people in India lose then lives because the donors are not available in adequate numbers. More than 150,000 people are diagnosed with end-stage kidney disease every year in India.[3]

Hence, urgent action is required on several fronts if the acute shortage of human organs in India has to be met. Awareness should be increased about the benefits of organ donations through the means of mass communication and superstitions among people should be fought by the way of religious injunctions.[4]

Objective

The objectives are as follows:

  1. To assess the knowledge regarding organ donation among nursing students studying at selected nursing colleges in Pune city
  2. To evaluate the effectiveness of education program on knowledge regarding organ donation among nursing students studying at selected nursing colleges in Pune city.


Hypothesis

Ho = There is no significant difference between pretest score and posttest score of nursing students.

H1 = There is a significant difference between pretest score and posttest score of nursing students.


  Methodology Top


The design of the study is a quantitative-one group pretest and posttest design. A total of 100 participants were selected for the study to find out the effectiveness of education program on knowledge about organ donation among nursing students studying at selected nursing colleges in Pune city. The data of this study were collected by self-structured questionnaire using the purposive sampling method. The questionnaire had two sections, namely to gather information regarding demographic variables and knowledge on organ donation.

Ethical clearance

The study was for PhD and DRC approval from Shri Jagdhishprasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University, Rajasthan with Ref no JJTU/R&D/DAL/4320 on 10th Dec 2018.

Analysis and interpretation

The data presented that the number of samples was 1 (1%) in the age group of 15–17 years; 49 (49%) of students were between the age group of 18–20 years; 46 (46%) of students were between the age group of 21–23 years; and 4 (4%) of students were between again and above.

Regarding gender, 28 (28%) students were male and 72 (72%) students were female.

Regarding parents income, 12 (12%) were belongs to below 10,000 income group, 40 (40%) of students were belongs to 11,000–40,000 income group, 33 (33%) of students belongs to 41,000–80,000 income group, and 15 (15%) of students belongs to 81,000 and above income.

Regarding religion, 58 (58%) of students were Hindu, 32 (32%) of students were Christian, 3 (3%) were Muslim, and 7 (7%) of students were belongs to other categories.

Regarding the academic level, 32 (32%) students were the 1st year, 28 (28%) students were the 2nd year, 20 (20%) students were the 3rd year, and 20 (20%) students were the 4th year.

Regarding the sources of information, 39 (39%) students got information through mass media, 54 (54%) students got information through health professionals, 6 (6%) students got information through family members and relatives, and 1 (1%) student got through other sources.

Regarding qualification of parents, 30 (30%) had qualification of below 10th class, 49 (49%) had graduation degree, 12 (12%) had postgraduation degree, and 9 (9%) were postgraduate and above.

Regarding residence, 81 (81%) belonged to urban community and 19 (19%) belonged to rural community.

Comparison of the pretest and posttest knowledge score on organ donation among the nursing students

After the analysis of data, it is seen that knowledge score has got an increase from 16% to 57% good knowledge score. It can be clearly seen that there is an increase in the knowledge score after the administration of education program.

After the analysis of data, the mean pretest knowledge score was found to be 8.25 and after giving education program, the mean posttest knowledge score was found to be 10.82. It can be clearly observed that there is an increase in the knowledge score of participants after the administration of education program [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Comparison of the pre-test and posttest knowledge score on organ donation among the nursing students

Click here to view



  Discussion Top


The posttest knowledge and perception score of nursing students regarding organ donation was found that 57% had good knowledge, 40% had average knowledge, and 3% had poor knowledge about organ donation. Same study got compared with Apoorva's study which was published in 2017 to assess the knowledge of medical students regarding organ donation in a selected college of Western Maharashtra, and the results showed that 87% of the students had correct knowledge regarding brain death occurring after road traffic accident. Fifty-four percent (54.45%) of the students were not aware that an individual suffering from infectious disease cannot donate organs. Sixty-one percent of the students were not aware that a national network for organ donation exists in their city. Nearly 48.5% of students did not know how to register oneself as an organ donor. The results of the study revealed that there exists a knowledge gap among the medical students regarding organ donation, and there is an urgent need for addressing this knowledge gap which helps in improving the organ donation rate in our country.[5]

In order to find out the significant difference between the mean of pretest and posttest perception scores of the nursing students regarding organ donation, the paired t-test was computed. The paired t-test value is 2.19. The calculated value is higher than the table value; hence, the null hypothesis was rejected and research hypothesis was accepted. Hence, the researcher concluded that the change in perception is through education program. Same study got compared with Pauline's study which was published in April (2015) who found that there was significant (P < 0.001) improvement in posttests knowledge scores after analyzing the data. The knowledge improvement mean score was 6.2 with the “t” value (17.2) which shows the effectiveness of structured teaching program.[6]


  Conclusion Top


The education program was found to be very effective in improving knowledge among nursing students regarding organ donation. The knowledge regarding organ donation was improved by education, as it is found that the posttest score is higher than pretest score. Being a nursing student, our responsibility is to try to make each citizen of India aware of organ donation by organizing various means of the health education program.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Pal S. Health Care, Donate Life: What You Need to Know about Organ Donation in India; 2016. Available from: http://www.thebetterindia.com/75687/organ-donation-india/. [Last assessed on 2019 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Introduction-Opportunities for Organ Donor Intervention Research: Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. [Last assessed on 2019 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation, WHO-ONT. Available from: https://www.transplant-observatory.org. [Last assessed on 2019 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
M Mariappan, Nayana KB. Study on Knowledge and Attitude about Organ Donation, among Medical Students in Kerala. Available from: http://www.ijtonline.in. [Last accessed on 2019 Sep 12].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Apoorva S. A Study to Assess the Knowledge of Medical Students Regarding Organ Donation in a Selected College of Western Maharashtra; 2017. Available from: http://www.mjdrdypu.org. [Last assessed on 2019 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Pauline S. A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding organ donation among adolescent boys in selected school, Chennai; 2015. Available from: http://www.ijirset.com. [Last assessed on 2019 Aug 12].  Back to cited text no. 6
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1]



 

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