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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-51

Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders among medical students of Wardha district: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University) Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Trauma Care Center, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 MDS Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sharayu Nimonkar
New SBI Colony Nisargnagri Nagpur Road, Wardha - 442 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-4534.322613

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Context: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) has reached a foremost role within the context of oral health care because of its high prevalence. Although its etiology cannot be exactly interpreted, it is considered to be multifactorial. Aims: The study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of TMD among Medical students with the help of Helkimo's index. Settings and Design: This study was based a cross-sectional in vivo study design. Materials and Methods: Hundred and ten students studying in medical college were evaluated with the help of the Helkimo's index. Anamnestic component of Helkimo was analyzed using the questionnaire and was scaled. Clinical dysfunction component of the Helkimo's index was clinical assessment and was scored. Results: Descriptive statistical analysis was done. The questionnaire answered showed sounds in the temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ) area by 89%, jaw rigidity by 8%, fatigue of the jaw by 2%, and pain in TMJ by 23%. On clinical examination, 17% had mild difficulty in mouth opening, 11% showed mild mandibular deviation, 69% showed clicking sound in TMJ, 18% had mild pain in the TMJ region, and only 8% had muscle pain on palpation. Conclusion: Signs and symptoms of TMD to a varied extent were present among Medical students. Although prevalence was high, the severity was mild. Initial diagnosis may decrease the worsening of the condition in them.

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