|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 219-221
Impact of exercises, yoga, and meditation on anxiety and depression during COVID 19 lockdown
Ashish Bele1, Mohd Qureshi2, Ajinkya Ghogare3, Nivedita Singh2, Divya Jethwani2, Avanti Gachake1
1 Department of Community Health Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Neuro Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||03-Jul-2020|
|Date of Decision||17-Dec-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||28-Jan-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||29-Jul-2021|
Dr. Ashish Bele
Bobhate Layout, Chintamani Nagar, Sindhi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 001, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The COVID-19, coronavirus infective disease 2019, is becoming a major problem worldwide. This situation varies from country to country. This virus spreads among 196 counties. It has been reported that considerable majority of cases are from scattering countries. The coronavirus flare up combined with the lockdown has set off an expansion in the cases of anxiety and stress. Careful meditation and exercise have constructive outcomes as adjunctive intervention for depressive and anxiety episodes. The aim of the study was to review the effect of lockdown in COVID 19 on anxiety and depression and how yoga, exercises, and meditation are beneficial to cope up with anxiety and depression. The data were collected from the electronic databases including Google Scholar, Springer publication, World Health Organization guidelines, PubMed, Cochrane, and Journal of Travel Medicine. All the articles were arranged as per the information they have provided and arranged in a systematic way. Exercises, yoga, and meditation are useful in coping with depression and anxiety including stress during the lockdown period. This study concluded that yoga is more beneficial in depression and anxiety along with regular exercises and meditation.
Keywords: Anxiety, COVID-19, depression, exercises, lockdown, meditation, yoga
|How to cite this article:|
Bele A, Qureshi M, Ghogare A, Singh N, Jethwani D, Gachake A. Impact of exercises, yoga, and meditation on anxiety and depression during COVID 19 lockdown. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2021;16:219-21
|How to cite this URL:|
Bele A, Qureshi M, Ghogare A, Singh N, Jethwani D, Gachake A. Impact of exercises, yoga, and meditation on anxiety and depression during COVID 19 lockdown. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 23];16:219-21. Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/text.asp?2021/16/1/219/322618
| Introduction|| |
The COVID-19, coronavirus infective disease 2019, is becoming a major problem worldwide. This situation varies from country to country. This virus spreads among 196 counties. It has been reported that considerable majority of cases are from scattering countries. A COVID-19 was first found in and raised from Wuhan, China, during late December 2019 and is now affecting other countries. There are a number of cases reported in multiple cities of China and spreads through the air travel and migration of people to various countries including Japan, South Korea, Thailand, the USA, Taiwan, France, Italy, Spain, and the UK.
In India, the first case of COVID-19 was found on January 30, 2020, and the source country was China. There has been observed a gradual rise in cases which forced the Government of India for lockdown.
It has been found that there are no specific medicines or vaccines available for COVID-19. The best measure against the COVID-19 spread is social distancing and lockdown.,
Since the World Health Organization proclaimed the COVID-19 episode a worldwide pandemic, a huge number of us, even the individuals who have not been tainted by the infection, will decide to isolate in our homes for the forthcoming weeks. Inverted itinerary items, uncertain seclusion, alarm over rare resources, and data overburden could be a formula for unchecked anxiety and isolation feelings.
The coronavirus flare-up combined with the lockdown has set off an expansion in the cases of anxiety and stress. Anxiety, frustration, insomnia, depression, mood swings, delusions, fear, panic attacks, loss or sudden increase of appetite, and suicidal tendencies, have become major common problems during the lockdown period. Dr. Priyanka Sahasrabhojanee, who is part of the PSG's initiative, said the lockdown has compounded the state of individuals who as of now experience the ill effects of mental sicknesses. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be an aftermath of this emergency, the same number have lost their positions (jobs), and they should require a great deal of efforts to get back on their feet.
Over the week, Professor Richard Bentall at the University of Sheffield in their investigation which was done between March 23 and 27, 2020, found that 25% of women and 18% of men displayed clinically significant symptoms of anxiety, 23% of women and 21% of men gave indications of depression, and 15% of women and 19% of men were stressed.
High-energy exercise (i.e., week after week use of in any event 17.5 kcal per kg) and frequent aerobic exercise (i.e., at any rate three to five times each week) reduce depression symptoms more than lower-energy and less frequent exercise. Careful meditation and exercise have constructive outcomes as adjunctive intervention for depressive episodes. For anxiety disorders, exercise and yoga have additionally indicated constructive outcomes, yet there is far less information on the impacts of activity (exercises) on anxiety than for exercises on depression. Tai chi, qi gong, and meditation have not shown that much effectiveness as alternative intervention for anxiety and depression.
Hence, the need of this review article is to provide beneficial information about the effect of lockdown in COVID-19 on anxiety and depression and how yoga, exercises, and meditation are beneficial to cope up with anxiety and depression.
| Materials and Methodology|| |
The data were collected from the electronic databases including Google Scholar, Springer publication, World Health Organization guidelines, PubMed, Cochrane, and Journal of Travel Medicine. All the articles were arranged as per the information they have provided and arranged in a systematic way.
| Results|| |
This review article showed that yoga, exercise, and meditation are effective in reducing the anxiety and depression symptoms during the COVID-19 lockdown period.
| Discussion|| |
This review article provided the information about the effect of lockdown during COVID-19 breakdown and its impact on anxiety and depression and how yoga, exercises, and meditation are beneficial to cope up with it.
The latest update was on April 16 at 5.30 a.m. by the Government of India, total COVID-19 active cases are 10,477, total cured/discharged cases are 1488, total deaths are 414, and one patient gets migrated.
The United States of America has reported >236,339 COVID-19 cases, the highest in the world, and over 5000 people have died due to the disease.
Day by day, the COVID-19-affected cases are increasing and the Government of India extended the 21-day lockdown period to 40 days and it is necessary for the stoppage of COVID-19 to community spread.
Basu-Ray from Memphis Veterans Hospital said when individuals are compelled to disconnect and remain in their homes like in this COVID-19 pandemic, it made a lot of depression and anxiety. He said both depression and anxiety have unfavorable impacts genuinely and can really cut down your insusceptibility to viral infections.
Professor Bentall at the University of Sheffield in their study found that those aged fewer than 35 years, living in a city, living alone or with youngsters, with lower livelihoods, with well-being conditions, and those whose wages had been hit by the pandemic had higher rates of depression and anxiety. The individuals who felt that they had a place with their neighborhood and who believed their neighbors had lower levels of depression and anxiety. The study additionally found that 32% of individuals had just lost salary because of the pandemic, yet when solicited to rate their level from stress over the money related effect so far on a scale of 0 (not worried at all) to 10 (extremely worried), the average response was around six.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, throughout the years saw that a panic attack or lengthy periods of anxiety can stimulate depression in people. Although nobody knows why, most of the anxiety disorders include social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessivecompulsive disorder, phobias, and PTSD accompanied by depression.
Basu-Ray also said a large part of yoga is breathing procedures and meditation that enhance stress.
Exercise and yoga, then again, have various studies showing their adequacy, which is now and again equivalent to standard treatments and consistently superior to treatment like placebo. Exercise and yoga are tried as options in contrast to standard pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic treatment approaches and show constrained however positive information as complementary interventions in combination with such standard treatment approaches.
Saeed et al. expressed that activity appears to be generally useful for treatment-resistant depression, unipolar depression, and PTSD. Yoga as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy it encourages treatment of depression. As an adjunctive therapy, it encourages the treatment of anxiety disorders, particularly panic disorder. Tai chi and qi gong might be useful as adjunctive treatment for depression, yet the impacts are conflicting. As monotherapy or an adjunctive therapy, meditation has positive effects on depression, and its effects can last for 6 months or more.
Patricia Walden, a senior Iyengar Yoga teacher, and the physician Timothy McCall, author of Yoga as Medicine, who together teach workshops on yoga and depression, categorize depression based on the gunas rajas, tamas, and sattva, which are the three types of energy that manifest as behavioral patterns according to ancient yogic texts. Rajas is regularly described as powerful and excitable; tamas by inactivity, sloth, fear, or confusion; and sattva as pure “beingness” and lucidity, condition of balance. Walden and McCall refer to an unsettled, anxiety-induced depression as “rajasic” and a progressively lazy, despondent depression as “tamasic.” They have also suggested Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose), Paschimottanasana to Halasana (Seated Forward Bend to Plow Pose), Prasarita Padottanasana (Wide-Angle Standing Forward Bend), Dwi Pada Viparita Dandasana (Two-Legged Inverted Staff Pose), Urdhva Dhanurasana (Upward-Facing Bow Pose), Balasana (Child's Pose), Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand), and Halasana (Plow Pose).
Sharma M. et al. (2017) concluded that yoga is a genuinely new treatment or practice used for more than mind-body wellness in. Truth be told, yoga is being utilized increasingly more as an elective type of treatment for improving numerous conditions. One way that yoga is utilized is in people with depressive symptoms.,,,,,
| Conclusion|| |
Exercises, yoga, and meditation are useful in coping with depression and anxiety including stress during the lockdown period. This study concluded that yoga is more beneficial in depression and anxiety along with regular exercises and meditation. This article may be beneficial for the people those who are at home during such pandemics in the lockdown period. Future studies should incorporate yoga, exercises, and meditation to combat the psychological problems which occur due to such pandemic situation during the lockdown period.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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