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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 144-148

Disparities in the quality of life among smokers, nonsmokers, and ex-smokers

Departments of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. V Anu
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-4534.322614

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Introduction: Ill effects of smoking and the advantage of smoking cessation on health are well reported. This study was undertaken with the aim to assess the Quality of Life (QOL) among smokers, non -smokers and ex-smokers which will help clinicians to point out the influence of smoking on quality of life to assist in their everyday work with the patients and to the researchers in more comprehensive evaluation of the respondents' life quality. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out among 234 current smokers, 233 non-smokers and 253 ex-smokers aged above 20 years using WHO- Quality of life- BREF(WHOQOL-BREF). Sociodemographic variables that were recorded includes age, Gender, educational status, marital status. Smoking history was obtained using a closed ended questionnaire. The collected data was entered in Windows Excel and statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 11 software. Descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA test and Tukey's HSD Post hoc test was done. Level of significance was set as 0.05. Results: 103(45.4%)smokers are 'satisfied' with their health, while majority of the ex-smokers,99(39.2%) are 'neither satisfied nor dissatisfied' with their health. Non-smokers reports higher mean values in all domains when compared to smokers and ex-smokers. The smokers showed higher rating in physical(53.39%) and environmental(52.7%) domains when compared to ex-smokers(50.56% and 59.21% respectively) while lower ratings were found in psychological and social domains among smokers than ex-smokers. Statistical test showed a significant difference among all groups based on domains except smokers and ex-smokers in psychological and social relationship. Conclusion: Quality of life among smokers are relatively lower than the non-smokers in the Physical health, Psychological, Social relationships and Environment attributes. Also, the ex-smokers are found to have similar quality of life as smokers when it comes to psychological and social relationship.

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