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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 438-443

Verbal, written, and video-based health education on prevention and early detection of cervical cancer

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Symbiosis College of Nursing, Symbiosis International Deemed University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, MGM New Bombay College of Nursing, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seeta Devi
Symbiosis College of Nursing (SCON), Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Senapati Bapat Road, Pune - 411 004, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_200_19

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Background: In India, the incidence of cervical cancer significantly rises among the age of 45 years and peaks at 55 years of age. The proportion of the range is raised up from 15% to 55% female cancers from diverse parts of India. Nearly 80% of the women with cervical cancers reported in the clinics in advanced stage of cancer. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the participation of women for cervical screening before and after verbal, written, and video-based health education. Methodology: The research design was a one-group pretest–posttest quasi-experimental design. Samples were the women in the age group between 30 and 60 years attending gynecology OPDs. The total sample size was 501, and samples are selected using a multistage sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data using interview techniques. Results: Across all three study groups, majority of the participants were observed in the age group between 30 and 45 years. Most of the participants did never have the information regarding cervical cancer and screening procedures before the interventions. Majority of the participants (97%) had never screened for cervical cancer. In all three study groups, there is a significant association between participation of women in screening before and after intervention as P < 0.0001. Conclusion: A key strategy to reduce the prevalence of cervical cancer is to educate the women regarding prevention of cervical cancer by using various kinds of educational instructional methods.

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