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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 426-431

Comparative evaluation of masticatory efficiency between conventional complete dentures and implant retained over dentures using color-changing chewing gum


1 Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Pacific Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Pacific Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Private Consultant, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Siksha O Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Abid Zahir Hussain
Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Pacific Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Udaipur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_109_19

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Background: The prosthodontic treatment for the edentulous patient is always a major challenge among prosthodontists. Conventional complete denture wearers often complain about dissatisfactory performance of their lower dentures, this could be due to the instability and loss of retention owing to the poor alveolar ridge. Implant-retained overdentures help to solve this instability problem. Masticatory efficiency is considered a major indicator for determining the functional state of the masticatory system. Masticatory efficiency measurement may be an important parameter when planning dental implant treatment. Materials and Methods: This study involves the use of color-changing chewing gum and manual visualization with a color scale provided by the manufacturer to evaluate the masticatory efficiency in 20 edentulous patients wearing conventional complete dentures and compared with ball-retained implant overdentures and also bar-retained overdentures. Statistics: The paired t-test and ANOVA test were applied to statistically evaluate the data. Results: The results indicated that patients with bar-retained implant overdentures demonstrated significantly the higher levels of masticatory efficiency in implant-retained overdentures compared with conventional complete dentures and significant levels in overdentures retained with bar and clip as compared with ball-retained over dentures and conventional complete dentures. Conclusion: Masticatory efficiency levels were increased in bar IOD when compared with conventional complete dentures and ball IOD.


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