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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 414-420

Ergonomic awareness and musculoskeletal pain suffered by dental professionals of Western Maharashtra

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monica Satpute
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Malkapur, Karad - 415 110, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_57_20

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Context: Musculoskeletal pain, in particular back pain, has been found to be a major health problem for most dental practitioners. Thus, it was necessary to investigate the ergonomic awareness and musculoskeletal pain among dental health professionals. Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate and bring awareness among dental practitioners regarding ergonomics and determine the proportion of dentists suffering from musculoskeletal pain. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted for a period of 2 months on 500 dental professionals practicing in the region of Western Maharashtra. A set of closed-ended questions along with the informed consent form were tabulated on the basis of type of pain, onset, working position, operating hand, duration of work hours, type of practice, use of proper measures while working, and time since practice started. Practicing dental professionals were included, whereas those having musculoskeletal problems before joining dentistry or who had suffered any physical injury previously were excluded. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 16, Illinois, Chicago, USA. The Chi-square test was used for assessing categorical data, and an independent t-test was used for comparing means. Results: General practitioners and specialists reported a prevalence of pain on different anatomical locations depending on their specialty. Conclusions: Musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) remains a major occupational problem. The awareness of MSD among the dentists practicing in Western Maharashtra was low. Majority of the dentists reported more neck pain and lower back pain. Hence, maintaining proper posture will ensure a significant decrease in MSDs, thus improving their work efficiency and preventing burnout.

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