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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 382-386

Effect of epidural labor analgesia on fetal heart rate and neonatal outcome

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harsha Shekhawat
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_194_20

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Introduction: Epidural analgesia does not affect the neonatal outcome as shown in this study by the similar APGAR scores and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions when compared with normal delivery without epidural analgesia. Aims: This study aims to find the fetal heart rate variability and neonatal outcome in women, who are opting for epidural anesthesia in comparison to women without any pain reliving modality. Subjects and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, over period of 2 years from September 2017 to August 2019 after taking approval from Institutional Ethical Committee. One hundred women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in the study, 50 women received epidural analgesia for relief of labor pain at =4 cm and 50 women were left for spontaneous delivery. The factors studied were fetal heart rate (FHR) variability and NICU admissions in both the groups. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS version 19; Chi-square test and Student's t-test. Results: Epidural analgesia was associated with transient fetal heart variability which however was not statistically significant and was comparable with nonepidural group. Conclusions: Epidural analgesia is an effective method of pain relief and it must be an option available to all laboring women. There are no significant effects on FHR variability and does not affect neonatal outcome.

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