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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 266-271

Safe home toolkit for under-five children: An intervention for prevention of domestic accidents


1 Department of Child Health Nursing, Kasturba Nursing College, Sevagram, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed To be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
3 Deparment of Child Health Nursing, SRMM College of Nursing, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Usha Shende
Department of Child Health Nursing, Kasturba Nursing College, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_24_20

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Background: Domestic accidents in and around home are a leading cause and preventable death of children under 5 years and are the major cause of ill health and serious disability. Creating awareness among parents of under-five children is a cost-effective strategy to prevent domestic accidents among children. Objectives: (1) The aim of this study is to assess the baseline knowledge and practices regarding the prevention of domestic accidents among parents of under-five children and (2) To evaluate the effectiveness of safe home toolkit among parents of under-five children. Research Design: Randomized control trial. Setting: Community setting in the Wardha district. Population: Parents of under-five children. Sample Size: The sample size was 20. Sampling: Simple Random Sampling. Materials and Methods: Demographic datasheet, Knowledge Questionnaire – developed by researcher and Standardized Home safety checklist. Intervention: Standard Safe home toolkit comprises Information handouts regarding home safety, which include Engineering measures, Environmental measures, Legislation, and standard. Education material and skills, Videos on home safety, and Safe home model demonstration. Results: The difference in means in pre-test and post-test of experimental group and posttest of the experimental and control group for knowledge and practices regarding the prevention of domestic accidents was statistically significant as P = 0.000 for all comparisons. Conclusion: Safe home toolkit for under-five children, the 2 day intervention for creating awareness regarding the prevention of domestic accidents, is found effective in improving the knowledge and practices of parents of under-five children.


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