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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 247-250

Efficacy of coronoidotomy as an adjunct to fibrotomy in advanced cases of oral submucous fibrosis: A prospective cross-sectional study

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pawan Hingnikar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_125_20

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Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of Coronoidotomy as an adjunctive procedure to Fibrotomy in terms of improvement in intraoperative mouth opening during surgical management of Oral Submucous Fibrosis. Subjects and Method: 30 patients clinically diagnosed with OSMF (Grade IVa) underwent surgical intervention comprising of Bilateral Fibrotomy and Coronoidotomy. The inter-incisal distances were measured following Bilateral fibrotomy, Unilateral Coronoidotomy and Bilateral Coronoidotomy and compared. We evaluated the percent improvement in the inter-incisal distance after Unilateral and Bilateral Coronoidotomy compared to fibrotomy as well as the associated complications of coronoidotomy. Results: We found a striking improvement of 76.68% after performing Bilateral Coronoidotomy in comparison to fibrotomy. Furthermore, there was a mean increase of 34.56 ± 5.96 mm when compared to baseline pre-operative mean value (5.46 ± 4.04 mm). All the comparisons were statistically significant (P = 0.0001). Conclusion: Coronoidotomy is an effective adjunctive procedure to fibrotomy in terms of improvement in the intraoperative mouth opening in advanced cases of OSMF.

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