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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 161-167

A randomized controlled study to evaluate the effect of meditation, diet, and exercise in type-2 diabetic patients

1 Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India
2 Department of Neurosciences, Dr. GD Pol Foundation, YMT, College of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dalia Biswas
Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_278_20

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Background: Raja-Yoga meditation (RM) is a behavioral intervention which is practiced in India and worldwide. It appears to be the easy, practicable method of meditation, which one can follow on the day-to-day basis. Materials and Methods: Interventional, randomized, pre- and post-study. All diabetic patients in the age group of 30–60 years including both sexes and taking treatment since 5–10 years. Results: Pre- and post-mean difference in blood sugar levels showed a significant mean difference in Group A which was 34.82 ± 50.53. Multiple comparisons of fasting blood sugar in the three groups using Tukey test. The finding between Group A and Group C was found to be significant which means that the effect of Group A is better than Group C. Post meal finding between and within groups using one-way anova test. The F value was 8.24 and P value was 0.001 which is a significant finding. In Group C, the mean difference of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) level was 0.86 ± 1.48 and P value was 0.048, which is a significant finding. Conclusion: The effect of RM as a complementary intervention is better than other groups in improving glycemic control. In addition, all the three interventions namely meditation, diet, and exercise favorably affect HbA1C level.

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