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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72-77

Evaluation of the effectiveness of probiotics consumption on salivary Streptococcus Mutans counts in mentally retarded children: An Ex Vivo study


Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suruchi Gupta
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 004, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_71_20

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Background: Probiotics are those live micro-organisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit to the host. Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of probiotics consumption on levels of salivary Streptococcus mutans in mentally retarded children. Materials and Method: The study was undertaken with 30 institutionalized healthy children and 30 institutionalized mentally retarded children of 4-14 years of age group. The children were randomly divided into two groups, each comprising 15 children; Study group I: Mentally retarded children consuming probiotics, Study group II: Mentally retarded children not consuming probiotics, Control group I: healthy children consuming probiotics, Control group II: healthy children not consuming probiotics. The children consumed probiotics for 4 weeks. Streptococcus mutans/ml of saliva was collected at baseline, after 2nd week and 4th week. Results: A statistically significant reduction (P<0.05) in streptococcus mutans counts was recorded in probiotics ingestion groups. Conclusion: A positive correlation of probiotics with mean streptococcus counts was observed with both the groups, suggestive of probiotics role in caries prevention.


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