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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 144-148

Surgical protocols for patients with COVID-19

Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Meenakshi Yeola
Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 107, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_142_20

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A cluster of pneumonia cases of unknown etiology were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, on December 31, 2019. China reported a novel coronavirus in the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) phylogenetic group as the causative agent of this outbreak on January 9, 2020. The associated disease is now referred to as novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The clinical presentation of COVID-19 ranges from asymptomatic to multiorgan failure, which may result in death. Coronaviruses are believed to be transmitted through the respiratory droplets from person to person, through inhalation, or mucosal surface deposition. The transmission of coronavirus through other routes includes contact with contaminated fomites and inhalation of aerosols. Novel coronavirus has also been detected in fecal and blood samples.The lack of standard infection prevention measures leads to the risk of health-care-associated transmission, while handling COVID-19-infected patients. The current COVID-19 pandemic underlines the significance of a conscious utilization of resources (human and financial) and preserving resources. It is salient to ensure the ability of surgeons and specialized professionals to function through the pandemic. A mindful effort should be made to minimize infection in this sector. A high mortality rate within this group would be disastrous. All hospitals should develop dedicated protocols and health-care workers training as the part of the effort to face the current pandemic. Literature search was done using PubMed and Google scholar search engines, searching terms “COVID-19,” “SARS-CoV-2,” “Coronavirus,” “surgery in COVID-19” titles, abstracts and keywords. The data were reviewed, analyzed, and presented.

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