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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 118-122

Impact of pharmacist education on knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients using inhaler medications in obstructive airway diseases


1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Justice K. S. Hegde Charitable Hospital, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uday Venkat Mateti
Department of Pharmacy Practice, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Paneer, Deralakatte, Mangaluru - 575 018, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_224_19

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Objective: Inappropriate use of inhaler medications may lead to inadequate control of the disease condition. Therefore, it is important to educate the patients regarding proper inhalation technique. The objective of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of patients using inhaler medications in obstructive airway diseases before and after education. Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental pre- and post-study without a control group was conducted among sixty patients diagnosed with obstructive airway diseases who were using inhaled medications in the pulmonary medicine department. At the baseline, the patient's KAP was assessed and were educated regarding the use of inhaler medications. Then, the patient's KAP was again assessed after 1 month of baseline assessment. Results: Of sixty patients, male patients (53%) were predominant than the female (42%). The mean age of the study population was 56.7 ± 16.2 years. The pre- and post-educational KAP scores of the patients were 71.6 ± 9.9 and 82.9 ± 10.3, respectively. The KAP scores were statistically improved, and the mean change in the KAP score was 11.3 ± 6.9 (P = 0.000). Conclusion: The education provided in the small group of patients using inhaler medications leads to the betterment of KAP of the patients.


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