|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 258-260
Tubular ectasia of bilateral epididymis in a postvasectomy patient: Sonography, doppler, and strain elastography appearance
Bharat Lohchab, Suresh Phatak, Suvarna Deshpande
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||05-Feb-2019|
|Date of Decision||15-Apr-2019|
|Date of Acceptance||27-Jun-2019|
|Date of Web Publication||2-May-2020|
Dr. Bharat Lohchab
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 001, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Tubular ectasia of epididymis is a benign condition affecting patients predominantly in the age group of 50–60 years. It is a cystic dilatation of tubules of epididymis with stippled appearance appearing hypovascular on color Doppler and demonstrates soft colors on sonoelastography. Here, we present a case report of a 58-year-old postvasectomy male patient who presented with complaints of dull-aching pain and the palpable lump in the scrotum for 10 months. Subsequent ultrasound imaging demonstrated anechoic dilated cystic tubular structures in bilateral epididymis suggesting tubular ectasia. Doppler and sonoelastography helped in confirming the diagnosis.
Keywords: Ectasia, elastography, vasectomy
|How to cite this article:|
Lohchab B, Phatak S, Deshpande S. Tubular ectasia of bilateral epididymis in a postvasectomy patient: Sonography, doppler, and strain elastography appearance. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ 2019;14:258-60
|How to cite this URL:|
Lohchab B, Phatak S, Deshpande S. Tubular ectasia of bilateral epididymis in a postvasectomy patient: Sonography, doppler, and strain elastography appearance. J Datta Meghe Inst Med Sci Univ [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 5];14:258-60. Available from: http://www.journaldmims.com/text.asp?2019/14/3/258/283587
| Introduction|| |
Testes are male reproductive organ or male gonad. Its main function is spermatogenesis and androgen release into the body. Testis consists of multiple coiled tubular structures called seminiferous tubules which act as a site for sperm production. Sperms formed are released into the lumen of seminiferous tubules and travel to straight tubules before reaching rete testis. Further sperms reach into multiple efferent ductules to exit testis and tunica albuginea to enter epididymis where maturation of sperm takes place. Finally, mature sperms enter vas deferens and reach the ejaculatory duct. Any obstruction of ductus deferens can cause slow progressive accumulation of sperms which raises pressure on tenuous tubules of the epididymis, leading to their dilatation and cystic change which is referred to as tubular ectasia. One of the most common causes of vas deferens obstruction is vasectomy. Almost half of the patients develop ectasia after a decade postvasectomy. Ultrasound can detect these characteristic ectatic changes of the epididymis.
| Case Report|| |
A 58-year-old male patient came with mild dull-aching pain and the palpable lump in the right hemiscrotum for 10 months. There was a history of vasectomy 8 years ago. Laboratory investigations were within the normal limits. On clinical examination, there was soft swelling noted in the right inguinal region which showed cough impulse suggesting inguinal hernia. Both testes were nontender. Soft palpable mass was felt around the right testis. Left hemiscrotum was enlarged and was transillumination positive suggesting hydrocoele. Further, ultrasound examination revealed dilated tubular cystic structures with stippled appearance in the region of the head, body, and tail region of the right epididymis [Figure 1] and head of the left epididymis [Figure 2] suggesting tubular ectasia of the epididymis. Color Doppler showed no flow within lesion [Figure 3]. On strain elastography demonstrated soft colors (green, red) in the region of epididymis [Figure 4] suggesting benign pathology. Mild left-sided hydrocoele was also noted [Figure 5]. The right testis was relatively smaller in size than left testis.
|Figure 1: Ultrasound of the right testis show mildly bulky epididymis with anechoic dilated cystic structures and speckled appearance noted in the region of the head, body, and tail of right epididymis posterior to testis|
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|Figure 2: Ultrasound of the left testis show enlarged head of left epididymis with dilated tubular structures and cystic spaces within|
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|Figure 3: Doppler ultrasound of the right testis shows no color flow in dilated anechoic cystic lesions of the right epididymis|
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|Figure 4: Strain elastography of the right hemiscrotum demonstrates soft colors (green and red) suggesting benign pathology of the right epididymis|
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| Discussion|| |
Vasectomy has been one of the most frequently done procedures for male sterilization and family planning. Almost 1/3rd of patients develop prolonged dull-aching pain many years after vasectomy. These changes which develop after vasectomy are thought to develop due to long-standing accumulation of sperms in tubules of the epididymis which case tubules to dilate leading to ectasia. Tubular ectasia in the epididymis is considered as cystic dilatation of tubules or tubular structures with a stippled appearance. Tubular ectasia is one of the few benign conditions affecting epididymis. It usually affects patients in the age group of 50–60 years. On ultrasonography, it is seen as anechoic dilated tubular structures seen posterior to testis with echoes which is consistent with stippled appearance. These dilated structures may show a connection with tubules of the epididymis. One of the most common differentials of tubular ectasia is varicocele which can be differentiated by color Doppler imaging which shows no flow in case of tubular ectasia. Sonoelastography helps to differentiate benign and malignant testicular masses. On real-time sonoelastography, soft colors were observed, which suggest a benign pathology. On magnetic resonance imaging, tubular ectasia of epididymis show increased size and raised T1 signal intensity.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]