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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 247-249

Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding risk factors and lifestyle modifications in people with coronary artery disease in a rural area of Western Maharashtra

Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiotherapy, M.A.E.E.R.S Physiotherapy College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Urmila Jain
194, Shriramkrupa, Opposite Balaji Mandir, Yashwant Nagar, Shivaji Chowk, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune - 410 507, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_68_19

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Aims: This study was done to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding risk factors and lifestyle modifications among people with coronary artery disease using a self-validated questionnaire. Design: It was a cross-sectional study. The sampling type was simple random sampling. A sample size of 82 was obtained. Methods: A self-validated questionnaire was used to conduct the survey. Informed consent was obtained from participants before filling of the questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: Frequency and percentages were calculated. Results: Only a few respondents had knowledge regarding exercising in exercise class/gym and that walking and gardening cannot be considered as exercises. A similar trend was seen for practice where few percent of the participants exercised for more than 20 min 3 days/week and under the supervision of a physiotherapist. An overall fair attitude was seen toward lifestyle modifications among the respondents. Conclusion: From this study, it was concluded that the lack of knowledge regarding certain factors also influenced the attitude and practice toward it. Furthermore, despite having knowledge regarding certain factors, people showed less willingness to make lifestyle changes which also affected their practices. Hence, it is necessary to study KAP of the population to educate people better and aid the planning of health promotion activities.

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