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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 189-191

Diaphyseal fractures in pediatric age group in rural area: A demographic study

Department of Orthopedics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and AVBRH, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nareshkumar Dhaniwala
Department of Orthopedics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and AVBRH, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha - 442 107, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_79_19

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Introduction: Fractures in children are a common occurrence. Fractures have a considerable impact on daily living and activities of affected children and thus are an important topic of public health. The present study aims to study the demographic aspects of diaphyseal fractures in children. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study conducted in a tertiary care rural hospital in Central India on children in the age group of 3–15 years between June 2017 and April 2019. A total of 38 fractures in 25 children were included in the study. Results: The incidence of fractures was found more common in boys (60%). Most of the fractures were seen in the age group of 11–15 years (68%). Fall from level ground while playing was reported to be the most common mode of trauma (56%), followed by road traffic accident. Twenty-eight percent of the patients presented to the hospital on the day of trauma. Among the bones fractured, both bone forearms were the most common (52%). Overall, left-sided fractures were more common (56%) than right sided (44%). Middle one-third shaft was the most commonly fractured level.Conclusions: Both bone forearms are the most common diaphyseal fractures in children and middle one-third is the most common level. Injury prevention programs will help in decreasing the incidence and morbidity associated with pediatric fractures.

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