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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-30

Dermatoglyphics: A prediction tool for malocclusion


1 Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Smitha Sammith Shetty
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_101_17

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Introduction: Dermatoglyphics has proved to have a potential role in predicting the anomalies related to orofacial regions. Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore an association if any, between the dermatoglyphic patterns and type of malocclusion among the Malaysian dental and medical students. Materials and Methods: A total of 104 Malaysian dental and medical students were included in the study. The fingerprints and palm prints were recorded to analyze the type of pattern. Occlusion status was clinically assessed using Angle's classification of malocclusion. Results: Statistically significant association was seen between the left thumb ridge pattern and type of malocclusion. Individuals with loop ridge pattern on their left thumb showed high frequency of Class I normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion, and those with whorl ridge pattern were witnessed to have Class I malocclusion. Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics serves to strengthen the diagnostic impression of malocclusion at an early age and hence can aid in predicting malocclusion and plan preventive and interceptive orthodontics in pediatric patients.


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