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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 150-154

Health status of inmates in an open prison: A cross-sectional study in Eastern India


1 Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Lipilekha Patnaik
Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan Deemed University, Bhubaneswar, Sector-8, Kalinga Nagar, Ghatikia, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_98_17

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Background: The physical and mental health among prisoners is worse than the general population as their health is usually ignored. Objectives: The main objectives of this study is (1). To assess the physical, mental, and social well-being of the inmates of an open prison. (2). To find out the association of duration of stay in open prison with psychiatric well-being and depression among them. Subjects and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted from June to October 2016 among the prisoners of an open prison. A total of 71 inmates out of 86 were included after taking necessary permission and consent. Data were collected by the semi-structured questionnaire, including the personal data sheet, General Health Questionnaire-12, and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety. Mean and standard deviation, proportions, and correlation were used to analyze the data. Results: This jail was meant only for males. Mean age of the participants was 46 ± 10.99 years. Among the inmates, 23.9% were current smokers. Among them, 46.5% had mild depression and 2.8% had moderate depression. There was statistically significant negative correlation between the duration of stay in open prison with psychiatric well-being (r = −0.318; P = 0.007) and with depression (r = −0.307; P = 0.010). Nearly 87.3% of the participants said that open prison is better than the conventional prison. Conclusion: Thus, it may be said that open prison is a better place for maintaining a healthy lifestyle among the inmates. Periodic psychiatric check-up and counseling should be more strengthened for the betterment of inmates.


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