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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 119-121

To observe the proportion of amblyopia among children presenting in a rural hospital in Central India


Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sachin Daigavane
Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha - 442 004, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_50_18

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Objectives: • To screen the children attending the ophthalmology OPD • To know the profile and cause of amblyopia. Materials and Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2017 to February 2018. Children aged 5-20 years were recruited in the study. Children <5 years due to resistance to examination and poor communication were excluded. Visual Acuity and pen light ophthalmic examination were performed for 300 children. Mean age range was 8-12 years. 250 children were from rural areas and 50 from urban areas. Children were subjected to full ophthalmic examination including slit lamp and fundus examination in addition to cycloplegic refraction. Children having vision <6/12 without organic lesion were included in the study. Results: 13 children had amblyopia. The main cause was anisometropia 7 (53%), followed by strabismus 3 (23%), isometropia 2 (15%), and finally deprivation 1 (8%) 7 unilateral and 6 bilateral cases were observed. Conclusion: There is lack of awareness of parents because of illiteracy and ignorance. It is mandatory to improve the facility for checkup and frequent eye screening for refractive errors and strabismus examination and corneal blind and cataract for school children. This Study emphasizes need for time to time eye screening for school children. Amblyopia can have devastating psychosocial and economical fall outs.


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