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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-86

A comparative study of serum lipid profile of women with preeclampsia and normotensive pregnancy

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, JNMC, DMIMS (Deemed to be University) Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shreya Yadav
Radhikabai Girls Hostel, DMIMS, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_70_17

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Introduction: Preeclampsia is associated with substantial risks for the fetus and the mother. Women with preeclampsia have a significant difference in lipid parameters compared to normal pregnancy. The association of serum lipid profile with gestational proteinuric hypertension is highly suggested to reflect a new diagnostic tool. Materials and Methods: The present study is a prospective case–control comparative study done over a period of 2 years, i.e., from October 2015 to July 2017. The study takes into account 100 normotensive pregnant women (control group) and 100 pre-eclamptic women (study group) in their third trimester of pregnancy. Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-C (HDL-C), and very LDL-C (VLDL-C) were estimated in both groups. Aims: The study aims to analyze the lipid profile in normotensive pregnant patients, to analyze the lipid profile in pregnancy-induced hypertension patients, and to investigate the alteration in lipid profile in both groups. Results: There was a significant rise in serum TC, TGs, LDL-C, VLDL-C, and a significant decrease in HDL-C in the study group as compared to controls. Conclusion: Altered lipid profile also has a potential role in the genesis of endothelial dysfunction and expression of preeclampsia. Early detection of these lipid parameters may help pregnant patients by preventing maternal and fetal complications in preeclampsia and is going to aid in better management of preeclampsia.

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