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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-103

Impact of an educational intervention in improving the body mass index and waist–hip ratio among first-year MBBS students


1 Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
4 Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research (Yoga), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sushma R Kotian
Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_24_18

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Background: Unhealthy lifestyle practices and physical inactivity may lead to overweight, obesity, and other noncommunicable diseases. For an undergraduate medical student, the 1st year is a dynamic transitional period of development and growth. An educational intervention if planned at this crucial stage may help to improve the health status of the students. The present study was therefore designed to evaluate the impact of a multidisciplinary educational intervention in improving the body mass index (BMI) and waist–hip ratio among the undergraduate medical students. Materials and Methods: Hundred and seventy-seven 1st-year undergraduate medical students (74 males and 103 females) participated in the study. A multidisciplinary educational intervention was provided to promote a healthy lifestyle. The parameters such as BMI and waist–hip ratio were measured both in the baseline and 3 months after the educational intervention. The BMI calculated was used to categorize the student population into four groups: normal, overweight, obese, and underweight. Results: After the educational intervention, a significant difference was observed in the BMI, the hip circumference, and the waist/hip ratio (<0.001). The waist circumference although showed a decrease, the finding, however, was not significant statistically. Further, the obesity among the student population also observed a marked reduction. The comparison of the parameters among the male and the female students did not show any statistical difference. Conclusion: A multidisciplinary educational intervention on healthy lifestyle practices aids to enhance the health status of an individual by improving the BMI and waist/hip ratio. It would further contribute to a medical student's role in promoting a healthy lifestyle.


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