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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 253-260

Physical abuse, a harsh way to discipline children: A survey report from rural wardha


1 Department of Mental Health Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Health Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vaishali Dinesh Tendolkar
Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_17_18

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Background: Child abuse, commonly used for disciplining the child, has serious physical and psychosocial consequences which adversely affect the health and overall well-being of a child. It is a violation of the basic human rights of a child and is an outcome of a set of interrelated familial, social, psychological, and economic factors. Child abuse leads to emotional, physical, economic, and sometimes legal consequences for the children aged 3–5 years. It is a globally prevalent and preventable phenomenon. Objectives: The objectives were: (1) To assess the parent reported physical abuse and (2) to find out the child reported physical abuse. Study Design: This was a survey study. Methodology: Physical abuse questionnaire. Sample: Children in the age group 3-5 years and their parents were chosen as the sample. Results: About 54.5% parents and 77.2% children reported that they slap their child once in a week. 4.5% children are slapped every day. 17% parents and 22% children reported pinching once to thrice a week. 51.5% parents and 28.5% children reported beating by parents at least once a week. Other forms of physical abuse such as starving the child, locking in dark empty room, restricting entry in the house, threatening, and scaring are also reported by parents as well as children. Conclusion: Slapping, pinching, beating, making the child starve, throwing the child away, threatening the child, and restricting them from mingling with others are common types of physical abuse by parents to children while disciplining children.


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