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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 191-195

Clinical profile of pediatric head injury

Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS (Deemed to be University), Sawangi (M), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aashay S Nitnaware
C/o JNMC, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 004, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_83_17

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Introduction: Head injury in pediatrics is considered to be a major health problem that is a frequent cause of death and disability and makes considerable demands on health services. In developing countries accident rates in general and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in particular are increasing as traffic increases besides other factors such as industrialization, falls, and ballistic trauma. Aim: The aim is to study the clinical profile of children with head injury. Objectives: (I) Study the etiology of head injury in children >16 years admitted in our hospital. (II) Study the clinical course and management of patients during the hospital stay. Materials and Methods: Place of Study: AcharyaVinobaBhave Rural hospital, Sawangi, Wardha. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Study Duration: July 1, 2015–June 31, 2016. Sample Size: Fifty. Result: As per my survey, fall from height as the most common cause of pediatric head injury with male predominance, followed by road accidents various other. The most common lesion seen on computed tomography scan was an extradural hematoma, and frontal lobe being the most common site. Conclusion: TBI in rural areas is mostly among the young male population and is increasing every year with majority coming from nearby villages which is very alarming and highlights the need for taking urgent steps for establishing good prehospital care and provision of trauma services at site in India.

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