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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-44

Clinical profile of lung cancer at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS (DU), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Tarushi Sharma
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS (DU), Sawangi (M), Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdmimsu.jdmimsu_21_17

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Background: Lung cancer has been the most common cancer in the world for several decades. It is probably one of the most important life threatening conditions responsible for the death of millions of people in today's world. An increasing incidence of lung cancer has also been observed in India. The objective of the present project was to study the clinical profile of lung cancer in histopathologically diagnosed lung cancer patients in AVBRH, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha. Study Design: The study was conducted at Acharya Vinobha Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe) in indoor patients of Lung Cancer. This was an observational study which included 62 patients in total who were admitted in AVBRH. A structured standard proforma was used for recording the history, clinical signs, radiological & histopathological findings of patients. Results: Out of the total 62 patients, 59.68% were males and 40.32% were females. Most of the patients presented with cough as chief complaint along with breathlessness, chest pain, fever and loss of weight/appetite were other common symptoms. Majority of males were smokers. On Chest X-ray, right lung was the most commonly involved and right lower lobe was the most common area involved. Adenocarcinoma was the most common subtype found in 51.61% of patients and small cell carcinoma was second most common found in 24.19% of patients. Majority of patients (51.61%) presented in stage 4 of lung cancer. Conclusion: The study shows that smoking is strongly associated with lung cancer. Cough was the most common symptom while presence of mass and right sided effusion were the most common findings in chest x-ray. Adenocarcinoma predominated both in males and females. Most of patients presented in late stages (Stage 3b and 4) thus leading to poor survival rates and poor prognosis among them.

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